A detail from an untitled "stack" work by Donald Judd, dated 1980.
Donald Judd
A black and white portrait of Donald Judd surrounded by his sculptural work.

Donald Judd in his solo exhibition at Whitechapel Gallery, London, 1970. Photo by Richard Einzig

Donald Judd in his solo exhibition at Whitechapel Gallery, London, 1970. Photo by Richard Einzig

“Color is one of three or four major aspects of my work. I think color is probably the most important aspect of art in this century. It’s the one that’s strongest in keeping the art from turning backward. Everybody wants to turn it backward, and I think the color is the toughest in resistance.” —⁠⁠Donald Judd

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A photograph of an installation by Donald Judd, titled Untitled, dated from 1980.

Donald Judd

Untitled, 1980
Galvanized iron and blue acrylic sheets
Ten units, each: 6 x 27 x 24 inches
15.2 x 68.6 x 61 cm
Stamped 'JO Judd Bernstein Bros. Inc. 80-4' (on the reverse of each unit)

One of Donald Judd’s signature forms first developed in 1965, the “stack” demonstrates the artist’s considered attitude toward proportion and installation, as well as his visionary approach to industrial material and color. Evenly spaced from floor to ceiling, the ten units are identical in shape and size, with the space between each one incorporated as part of the work.

Judd considered the stack among his more important and generative innovations, opening out to a wide range of visual effects. As he noted in a 1971 interview, “I’m interested in ideas I can work with, and the stack proved to have a lot of possibilities.”

Examples of Judd’s stacks are included in the collections of many major museums worldwide, including Art Institute of Chicago, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, and Tate, UK.

An installation view of works by Donald Judd installed at his property known as The Block in Marfa, Texas.

North room, East building, La Mansana de Chinati/The Block, Judd Foundation, Marfa, Texas. Photo by Flavin Judd. © Judd Foundation. From Donald Judd Spaces (Judd Foundation and DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2020)

North room, East building, La Mansana de Chinati/The Block, Judd Foundation, Marfa, Texas. Photo by Flavin Judd. © Judd Foundation. From Donald Judd Spaces (Judd Foundation and DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2020)

An installation view of works by Donald Judd at Tate gallery, London.

Installation view, Donald Judd, Tate Modern, London, 2004. © Tate, London 2017

Installation view, Donald Judd, Tate Modern, London, 2004. © Tate, London 2017

“Judd set high stakes for establishing the originality of his art.... Acting within a solid modernist tradition, he decided to identify an exceptionally narrow set of parameters to define the language within which his work would take form.” —⁠⁠Ann Temkin

An installation view of works by Donald Judd at The Museum of modern art, New York, dated 2020.

Installation view, Judd, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2020. Digital Image © 2020 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo by Jonathan Muzikar

Installation view, Judd, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2020. Digital Image © 2020 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo by Jonathan Muzikar

An installation view of works by Donald Judd at The Museum of modern art, New York, dated 2020.

Installation view, Judd, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2020. Digital Image © 2020 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo by Jonathan Muzikar

Installation view, Judd, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2020. Digital Image © 2020 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photo by Jonathan Muzikar

A detail from an untitled work by Donald Judd.

Donald Judd, untitled, 1980. Galvanized iron and blue acrylic sheets, 10 units, each 6 x 27 x 24 inches (15.2 x 68.6 x 61 cm) (detail)

Donald Judd, untitled, 1980. Galvanized iron and blue acrylic sheets, 10 units, each 6 x 27 x 24 inches (15.2 x 68.6 x 61 cm) (detail)

Donald Judd Art © Judd Foundation/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York


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